South Sudan is now entering its fourth decade of conflict. The First and Second Sudanese Civil Wars (between North and South Sudan) spanned most of the last 50 years, and the latter claimed nearly two million lives and left four million others homeless. Following a referendum on secession from the North, South Sudan became an independent nation on 9th July 2011.
Disputes still remain with Sudan on distribution of oil revenues and conflicts are still ongoing in Abeyi and the Nuba Mountains. Thousands of South Sudanese citizens resident in the north have been forcibly expelled back to South Sudan, placing a great strain on the young countries fragile infrastructure. Whilst South Sudan has made great strides in the past five years, it remains one of the least developed regions in the world.
International Medical Corps began implementing programmes in South Sudan more than 17 years ago, at the height of the civil war. Early programmes focused on the delivery of primary and secondary health services as well as some unique programmes that focused on reduction of River Blindness (Onchocerciasis), Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis), and other Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Currently, International Medical Corps works in rural and urban areas in South Sudan, focusing on improving immediate and long-term health service provision. Health services are provided through more than 50 primary and secondary health facilities that International Medical Corps supports in nine counties across four states on both sides of the Nile River. Through these and other structures, International Medical Corps serves more than 878,000 refugees, returnees, and other vulnerable populations through a fully integrated package of public health services that include primary health care (including maternal and child health), HIV/AIDS, nutrition, Water/Sanitation, secondary health care and capacity building programmes.
International Medical Corps UK recognises the invaluable support of the following European donors to make our work possible.